Six Tips to Take Care of Your Health When Temperatures Drop

When the thermometer drops, there is an increased risk of contracting infectious diseases of respiratory origin. Even so, it is possible to try to avoid them through preventive measures. The drop in temperatures that takes place every year towards the end of autumn brings with it an increased risk of contracting diseases of the respiratory tract, such as the flu or bronchitis.

For this reason, it-is especially important to take precautions in the case of the most vulnerable groups: children over 65 years, pregnant women or people with weakened immune systems.

Below you will find 6 simple prevention tips:

1. VENTILATE SPACES DAILY

During the cold months, people tend to lock themselves in poorly ventilated places for hours, something that can favor the proliferation of viruses. Opening the windows and letting the-air circulate for a few minutes each day is essential to oxygenate the rooms and avoid the accumulation of microorganisms.

2. WASH YOUR HANDS FREQUENTLY

This simple action considerably minimizes the risk of catching colds or flu. It is advisable to do this after coming into contact with potentially contaminated surfaces (such as for example, the bus bar or the table of a cafeteria) or after contact with sick people.

3. GETTING A FLU SHOT

This vaccine is especially indicated for people who make up the main risk groups: children with basic pathologies, adults over 65 years of age and people living with chronic diseases. It provides protection for 6 to 12 months and is optimal to administer before the onset of winter.

4. AVOID SUDDEN CHANGES IN TEMPERATURE

Moving quickly from a cold environment to a warm environment or vice versa causes the immune system to react less effectively to external aggressions. For this reason, it-is advisable to keep the heating at a temperature below 23 degrees Celsius and adapt warm clothes to each environment: remove layers in warm areas and add them outside.

5. COVERING YOUR MOUTH WHEN COUGHING OR SNEEZING

Viruses and bacteria travel through the air through the tiny droplets that are expelled when coughing and sneezing occur. If there is already an infection, the best option to avoid spreading it to other people is to use a single-use tissue and avoid direct contact of the mucous membranes with the hands.

6. MAKE RESPONSIBLE USE OF MEDICINES

Taking medications incorrectly, especially antibiotics, can have harmful effects on health because they have no effect on viral infections such as influenza and can generate resistance and stop being effective when needed.

Enjoying the coldest months of the year is possible if we take extreme precautions and apply the preventive measures we have mentioned, especially in the most vulnerable groups of people.