How to choose a hair shampoo and conditioner

Since shampoo and conditioner was invented at the beginning of the 20th century and a wide variety of shampoo and conditioner products appeared with various additives and care ingredients designed for different types and types of hair, for men or women choosing a shampoo has become a daunting task.

What is the difference between these popular products and how to choose the right hair shampoo for you?

Hair types and their features – First of all, the effectiveness of the shampoo and conditioner depends on the type of hair for which it is used. It is customary to new distinguish four main types of hair:

#Normal; #Fatty; #Dry; #Mixed.

Normal hair is of medium thickness, it is thick, healthy, does not split at the ends, should have a natural shine and be easy to comb.

Dry hair is thinner than normal hair. The secretion of sebum in the epidermis is reduced, which adversely affects the firmness and elasticity. Dry hair lacks shine and breaks easily. The scalp is also more likely to be dry, which can lead to a feeling of tightness, itching and dandruff after washing. Without proper hair care, this type of hairstyle will look shaggy and unkempt.

For dry hair, dyeing with chemical dyes or perm is contraindicated, they are difficult to style.

Oily hair, unlike dry and normal hair, is distinguished by its strength and elasticity. However, these properties are a consequence of increased sebum secretion. Hair of this type becomes greasy within a day after washing and has an unhealthy matte sheen. Oily hair is also prone to oily dandruff.

Mixed hair has normal sebum production. In this case, the grease spreads through the hair unevenly: at the very roots they are oily, and at the ends they are drier.

How to determine your hair type

Typically, normal hair becomes oily around the third or fourth day after being washed. They have a natural sheen, silky and soft to the touch and are easy to style. Their owners are rarely familiar with the problem of split ends. Using a hair dryer, hair curlers and electric curlers practically does not cause any noticeable harm to your hair. The optimal frequency of washing for normal hair is about twice a week.

If your hair does not get dirty for a week, it can be classified as dry. They are characterized by fragility, dullness, and a feeling of tightness of the scalp after using a detergent.

To restore dry hair, the first thing to do is to stop washing too often and choose the right shampoo. A good shampoo cleanses the hair without disturbing the hair shaft sheath and the protective layer of the scalp. In addition to washing, you need to additionally moisturize the skin with special products. There are folk home remedies like burdock oil compresses or fatty sour cream and eggs. However, it is better to choose proven and effective products, for example, a hair mask with a moisturizing complex of extracts from grape seed and tung tree nuts. You should also pay attention to the ends by applying Martinique Hair Oil. – it contains serum from avocado, kukui and argan oils, which restore the hair surface and prevent drying out.

Oily hair looks dirty just a day after washing it. Paradoxically, owners of oily hair, as well as owners of dry hair, should not wash their hair very often. From frequent washing, the sebaceous glands function even more actively, and as a result, the hair gets dirty much faster, and oily dandruff can appear under them.

Both oily and dry hair can indicate health problems, be the result of illness, poor diet or bad habits. Therefore, owners of this type of hair should consult a trichologist dealing with scalp problems.

Mixed hair is perhaps the most difficult type to care for. However, the problems of such hair are quite solvable. For example, you can use a shampoo for oily hair to remove grease from the roots and then apply moisturizer or oil to the ends.

Types of shampoos

Today there are a huge variety of products for washing hair. For convenience, we will divide them into groups.

Shampoos for everyday use. These are the usual shampoos that we use on a daily basis, depending on the type of our hair and / or its structure: for dry, normal, oily hair, for colored or highlighted hair, for curly, fine, damaged hair or for sensitive scalp.

Healing shampoos are used to eliminate a particular problem: dandruff, seborrhea, shingles, hair loss. They are sold in pharmacies and must be selected by a specialist. They may contain various active medicinal components of both natural and chemical origin, which have antifungal, anti-inflammatory, exfoliating or nourishing effect.

Coloring shampoos are designed to temporarily change the color of the hair. They are used in addition to everyday shampoos. The new shade can last from 3 to 5 shampoos.

Dry shampoo is also a complementary space treatment that will help you quickly improve the look of your hairstyle without having to wash. This product is a fine powder spray. As a rule, these shampoos are made on the basis of talc or starch. These substances absorb excess fat well, and then are combed out.

Shampoo and conditioner in one bottle. This product includes two types of cosmetics, which can save time, but reduce the effect of each of them. After all, these funds have opposite tasks – to wash and soften – and it is rather difficult to perform them simultaneously and qualitatively.

Sulfate-free shampoo belongs to everyday care, but it differs from other products in its natural composition and a minimum number of foaming detergents. This shampoo will be a godsend for dry hair, but it may not cope with the problems of oily hair. Due to its delicate mild effect, the sulfate-free shampoo is suitable for frequent use.

Shampoo for children is similar in composition to sulfate-free shampoos – the number of detergents in it is minimized. Manufacturers try to include natural extracts in children’s shampoos – chamomile, string, celandine.

Professional shampoo differs from the usual one in that it contains more active substances, proteins, vitamins and oils. Therefore, it acts on the hair more intensely, and the effect is visible after the first application. Another difference is its narrow scope. To use it without harming your hair, it is best to consult a hairdresser.

How shampoos work

Unlike soap, which is also designed to remove dirt, shampoo is not alkaline, but neutral or slightly acidic. The shampoo washes away and weakens the bond between oil, dirt and skin cells, while the abundant lather absorbs this dirt, preventing it from settling back, and then rinses off with water.

This is the basic principle of any shampoo. However, depending on the problem of the hair, additional components are added to its composition.

For example, natural oils and panthenol are good moisturizers and are definitely included in shampoos for dry, colored or streaked hair.

Water-soluble silicones promote adhesion of hair scales to the shaft, so they must be added to detergents for damaged hair.

Shampoos for dull and lifeless hair often contain keratin, a natural protein that helps restore hair, makes it elastic and gives it shine.

To restore hair damaged by coloring or perm, it is better to choose shampoos for damaged or bleached hair – they contain a large percentage of sulfates and keratins, such as in Martinique shampoo for colored hair.

Many shampoos contain saturated fatty acids as well as lipids – fatty substances that penetrate the hair root, strengthen and nourish it, and prevent moisture loss. This may seem odd, given that the shampoo is primarily designed to remove oil from the hair. However, don’t worry – these ingredients will not make your hair greasy, but will only protect it from drying out and help restore the hair shaft.

Major misconceptions about shampoos

1. Shampoo should be changed every 2-3 months, as the hair and scalp get used to it and it becomes ineffective. Hair and skin do not get used to shampoo. This is why you only need to change your shampoo if you have dandruff or dyed your hair, and it needs extra moisture.

2. The more lather, the better the shampoo. Foaming does not in any way affect the effectiveness of the shampoo, as we know from the example of sulfate-free shampoos.

3. The longer you keep the shampoo on wet hair, the better it cleans. To achieve a cleansing effect, it is enough to lather the shampoo and massage the scalp a little.

4. Frequent shampooing leads to dry skin. This is new only true if you are using a shampoo that is not suitable for your hair type. For example, for dry hair, use a shampoo for oily hair. It’s best to choose a specific shampoo with the minimum amount of detergent that works for you and wash your hair as it gets dirty.

5. In order for the shampoo to rinse off well, you need to use hot water. Too hot water is harmful to hair, and in addition, high temperatures can activate the sebaceous glands. Rinse off the shampoo with lukewarm water. This is enough to get rid of the residues of detergents and not harm your hair.

Amway’s Martinique hair care products have proven to be excellent among a wide variety of brands. The line of products includes shampoos, conditioners, mousses, oils, a regenerating mask and other hair care products.