How To Prevent Cavities? 10 Tips to Avoid Them

Cavities are one of the most common pathologies of the mouth. It is common for all people to suffer from them at some point in their lives. Although the Basque Country is one of the autonomous communities most aware of oral health and with the lowest rate of caries (we must not forget that it has been incorporating fluoridation in drinking water for 25 years), we must not neglect it. That’s why, below, you’ll find the top 10 tips on preventing cavities and possessing excellent oral health.

What is a cavity, and what causes its appearance?

Before you know how to prevent cavities, it’s essential to understand what a niche is. It is an infectious disease that permanently damages the teeth. Holes appear for various reasons. Oral health risk factors include:

  1. Our dental anatomy. For example, having your teeth mounted or together increases the difficulty of brushing.
  2. The pH of saliva. People with a pH below 7 are more likely to have cavities.
  3. Dry mouth. If we don’t have enough saliva to serve as a protective barrier, we’re likely to develop more cavities. Dry mouth is one of the main factors for its development.
  4. Those diseases cause gastroesophageal reflux or frequent vomiting, such as bulimia.
  5. Poor brushing or lack of brushing. Despite age, many people do not know how to brush their teeth correctly. Whenever we have doubts, it is best to go to our dentist.
  6. The consumption of sugars in the diet (such as sugary drinks) and foods that stick to the tooth for a long time (honey, milk, or candies).
  7. Snack between meals.

Immediately after ingestion, the dental plaque bacteria begin to generate acids capable of damaging the teeth. If we do not brush our teeth correctly and in time, these microorganisms can cause small holes in the enamel.

The first sign that warns us of the appearance of a cavity is a white spot on the tooth. It becomes dark as time goes on. Unfortunately, holes are not always visible, and sometimes it is impossible to identify them with the naked eye. Hence the importance of going to the dentist for a routine check-up.

Types of caries

Cavities begin by eroding tooth enamel. If they progress, they affect the tissue of the tooth under the enamel, the dentin, and can reach the nerve. We can talk about three types of caries depending on their location:

  • Coronal caries. It is the most frequent and appears from childhood. It is associated with chewing. Therefore, it affects those parts of the tooth that carry it out.
  • Recurrent caries. Perhaps it is the most complicated to cure since it is challenging to locate. Recurrent cavities appear inside teeth that have already been treated, for example, under a cover or a filling.
  • Root caries. It is common in patients who have exposed tooth roots. Being located very close to the nerve, they are the most dangerous and complex in their treatment. In advanced cases, it-can lead to tooth extraction.

10 Tips to Avoid Cavities

Now, how to prevent cavities? Is there a trick to get our mouths healthy? Indeed, we can avoid its appearance if specific guidelines are followed in mouth care.

Hygiene in teeth and gums

Brushing the teeth after each meal for at least 3 minutes is advisable, and insist on the areas where cavities appear, such as interdental spaces at the margin of the teeth and gums, fissures, etc.

Complement dental hygiene.

Complementing oral hygiene with other personal hygiene routines, such as using oral irrigators and dental floss, will help us achieve optimal cleaning.

Use mouthwash.

Ask our dentist for advice because some mouthwashes stain the teeth and affect the enamel. Applying a good mouthwash helps us clean the mouth and keep it hydrated, thus controlling the pH levels of saliva.

Use toothpaste containing fluoride.

Toothpaste that has fluoride is of great help in trying to avoid cavities. This component stops enamel breaks and accelerates remineralization.

Change your toothbrush frequently.

Experts recommend changing your toothbrush every-three months to prevent bacteria from accumulating. We must do it before it deteriorates.

Maintain proper hydration.

This way, we will control the mouth’s pH preventing it from decreasing or increasing. For proper hydration, drinking at least 2.5 liters of water per day is appropriate. In addition, if we get used to drinking after meals, we will help eliminate the glucose particles that adhere to the teeth. This trick is perfect, especially when we cannot brush our teeth.

Bet on a healthy and balanced diet.

This implies reducing the consumption of carbohydrates, especially sugars, and increasing the intake of fruits, vegetables, legumes, meat, and fish. The natural pigments in vegetables and fruit, along with vitamin C, prevent the formation of dental plaque. Kiwis or citrus fruits are foods rich in vitamin C.

Eliminate alcohol and tobacco use.

Eliminating the consumption of alcohol and tobacco not only protects our bodies. Our oral health will also benefit from it, as its consumption can cause the loss of tooth enamel, a feeling of dryness in the mouth, epithelial atrophy of the oral mucosa, and caries.

Take sugar-free gum containing xylitol.

Sugar-free gum containing xylitol, a sugar-free sweetener extracted from the birch tree, is an excellent option for cleaning your teeth even when itching between meals. This polyalcohol stands out for its neutralizing properties against acidity, thus repairing the enameling of the teeth.

Regular dental check-ups

To have good oral health, it is essential that a professional monitors our mouth. The most advisable thing is to visit the dentist once a year for a routine check-up and have one or two annual oral cleanings, depending on the level of tartar that each one accumulates.

As you can-see, there are many tricks with which to prevent the appearance of caries. It is convenient to pay special attention to the oral hygiene of the little ones. If we apply correct rules from childhood, it will be easier for them to maintain them for the rest of their lives.