The changes inherent in pregnancy can affect the mouth’s health, which becomes more vulnerable to specific pathologies. Hence the importance of taking care of dental health in pregnancy. This stage involves for women a series of physiological and hormonal changes and an alteration in their habits, which can have an impact on their oral health. Specifically, it translates into a greater predisposition to the appearance of gingivitis, gum problems that occur predominantly in the second and third months and are usually very frequent in the eighth (it can affect between 60 and 75% of pregnant women).
Also, the inflammatory response to the bacterial plaque is more pronounced. Sometimes, and especially during the second trimester, they suffer the so-called granuloma or epulis of pregnancy, which consists of a lesion in the form of a lump located on the gum, which bleeds easily and disappears after childbirth.
Dental health in pregnancy can also be affected by the increased tendency to develop cavities, often caused by increased consumption of sugars. If this is combined with the increase in the mouth’s acidity during pregnancy, the appropriate environment is given for the proliferation of bacteria.
It should be noted-that nausea and vomiting, frequent especially in the first trimester, have significance in the appearance of these oral pathologies. In this case, they can hinder proper oral hygiene, which was important during this period. Vomiting erodes the enamel of the teeth and makes them more susceptible to developing cavities. Therefore, it is advisable to brush them after returning or, at least, rinsing your mouth.
Increased dental hygiene in pregnancy
To take care of dental health in pregnancy, it is essential to maintain more exquisite hygiene than in normal conditions. In this sense, it-is recommended to use small-headed brushes, which minimize the possibility of nausea accompanied by tubes of toothpaste with fluoride and use dental floss or interproximal brushes.
On the other hand, it is essential to maintain a healthy diet, avoiding as many meals between meals. Dairy, fresh fruit, cheese, and yogurt can be consumed, while sugary foods should be banished. In turn, a calcium supplement may be necessary.
Ideally, every woman who intends to become pregnant should visit the dentist for a professional check-up and cleaning. During pregnancy, gingivitis and caries should be treated, as there is no contraindication to it, and routine anesthetic techniques can be used. A healthy mouth is also the best way to reduce the levels of oral bacteria and prevent their transmission to the newborn.